Wednesday, 24 May 2017

Why do we need a World Turtle Day?

Why do we need a World Turtle Day?

A baby Indian Black Turtle rests on her mother’s back on the outskirts of Guwahati, Assam.   | Photo Credit: Ritu Raj Konwar

In an attempt to raise awareness on conservation of tortoise and turtles, and on illegal trafficking, May 23 is celebrated as World Turtle Day. We take a look at various threats faced by the reptiles in India and the initiatives taken to save the animal.


One of the greatest threats facing turtles and tortoises in India is smuggling to East Asian and Southeast Asian markets. Many freshwater turtles and tortoises are considered delicacies just across the Bay of Bengal in Southeast Asia.
This has led to the creation of massive smuggling rings on the east coast of India that send live turtles to those countries. Some of these turtles are also smuggled to be kept as pets. In 2016 alone, 30,000 live turtles were confiscated from smugglers by the Indian government. In addition to live specimens, thousands of sea turtle eggs are dug up and sold as delicacies in Southeast Asian countries.
West Bengal has become a focal point of the turtle smuggling trade as many of the turtles make their way to Kolkata before being shipped off. The Indian government has worked hard to prevent smuggling through screening of shipments, confiscation, and arresting smugglers, but turtle smuggling is still a lucrative business in India.

Other Threats

In addition to smuggling, turtles face a variety of man-made issues that threaten their existence. One major threat, as with all other animal species, is habitat destruction. The Ganges and other major rivers of India sustain turtle life. As these rivers become more and more polluted, the turtles are beginning to die off at greater rates. The hatchlings are born deformed; adults are dying from eating plastic; and the food sources are disappearing.
Sea turtles are also suffering as seas and beaches are becoming polluted. Discarded plastic, toxic to sea turtles, often gets ingested. Many sea turtle hatchlings get caught in trash on the beach and are eaten by predators. Large fishing trawlers also sometimes catch sea turtles, cut off their flippers to get them out of the net, and then leave them to die. These issues must be dealt with to ensure these magnificent animals continue to have a future.


On a more positive note, there is also a lot of work done for the conservation of turtles in India. One well known and effective venture has focussed on the protection of Olive Ridley sea turtles on the coasts of Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh. Sea turtles always return to the beach they were born on in order to lay their eggs. These eggs and hatchlings often come under threat from humans and predators like stray dogs. A major conservation effort has been "turtle walks". The “turtle walks” involve many local people who carefully dig up the nests along the beaches and take the eggs to a protected spot to make sure the eggs are not stolen or eaten.

LONG WALK TO A NEW LIFE: Olive Ridley hatchlings heading towards the sea at R.K. Beach in Visakhapatnam.   | Photo Credit: K.R. Deepak

When the eggs hatch, volunteers move the hatchlings to the sea so they are not killed crossing the beach. These turtle walks have proven effective as they get the local community involved and endear the sea turtles to the people of the area. Other conservation efforts include the creation of protected areas on the Ganges where endangered river turtles are kept secluded from the greater environment in order to protect them from smugglers and monitor their breeding. Many of the turtles confiscated from smugglers also often go into rehabilitation and then captive breeding programs to help create a stable captive population of the rare turtle species of India.

Environment Ministry and Ozonaction, Organize First “Ozone2Climate” Technology Roadshow Post-Kigali Amendment

Ministry of Environment and Forests23-May, 2017 17:50 IST
Environment Ministry and Ozonaction, Organize First “Ozone2Climate” Technology Roadshow Post-Kigali Amendment
In a first, Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, along with the UN Environment OzonAction’s Compliance Assistance Programme, organized an “Ozone2Climate” Technology Roadshow, post Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol, on the sidelines of the South Asia National Ozone Officers Annual Network Meeting – 2017 in Agra today.  The Roadshow was inaugurated by the Secretary, Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Shri Ajay Narayan Jha. The Technology Roadshow was organized for the first time as part of the annual network meeting for Ozone Officers of South Asia.
Speaking on the occasion, Shri Jha said, the “Ozone2Climate Technology Roadshow”, had 13 exhibitors that promoted ozone and climate-friendly alternative technologies to HCFCs and HFCs in the refrigeration and air-conditioning (RAC) sector. The Technology Roadshow showcased current refrigeration and air conditioning equipment designed to be more energy efficient, hence with a double benefit of saving money for consumers, and with a much lower impact on the environment. Over 200 refrigerant technicians, ozone officers, business representatives and government officials attended the Roadshow.
Head of the United Nations Environment’s OzonAction, Dr. Shamila Nair-Bedouelle, highlighted UNEP’s Compliance Assistance Programme (CAP) which provides significant support to Article 5 countries with meeting and sustaining their obligations under the Protocol. “The national ozone officers’ network meetings are a flagship of the CAP and offer a forum for exchange of experience and knowledge transfer among national ozone officers,” she said. Organising O2C Technology Roadshow, along with the network meeting represents an innovative approach by the South Asia network to bring the state-of-the-art technology to the policy makers, she said.
Along with the Technology Roadshow, UN Environment is also organising the annual network meeting for South Asia Ozone Officers from May 23 to 26, 2017. The meeting focused on current policy and technology updates on ozone and climate friendly alternatives to HCFCs and HFCs specifically post-Kigali amendment, linking the HCFC phase out to future HFC phase down, the implications of Kigali amendment for the network countries and challenges and opportunities from a policy and technology perspective. 
Delegates from 20 countries and industry visited the 2017 exhibition and this was the first time the Ozone2Climate Technology Roadshow was organised as a part of the annual network meeting globally. The National Ozone Officers (NOOs) from 13 South Asia network countries visited the Technology Roadshow and gained information on state-of-the-art HCFC/HFC alternative technologies.

Secretary, MoEFCC, Shri A. N Jha inaugurating the Technology Roadshow at Agra today.

The Technology Roadshow was organized in association with Refrigeration and Air-Conditioning Manufacturers Association (RAMA), Indian Polyurethane Association (IPUA), Energy Efficiency Services Limited (EESL), GIZ and UNDP.  Joint Secretary, MoEFCC, Shri Manoj Kumar Singh, Regional Director, UN Environment Asia Pacific Office, Dr. Dechen Tshering, Chief Officer, Multilateral Fund Secretariat, Mr. Eduardo Ganem, Executive Secretary, Ozone Secretariat, Ms. Tina Birmpili, Head of Branch, UN Environment OzonAction,             Dr. Shamila Nair-Bedoulle, and Country Director, UNDP, India. Mr. Jaco Cilliers were among those present on the occasion.   
The Technology Roadshow was attended by leading ozone and climate global technology providers and several industry representatives. 

Local Weather Report and Forecast For: Kakinada Dated :May 24, 2017

Local Weather Report and Forecast For: Kakinada    Dated :May 24, 2017
Past 24 Hours Weather Data
Maximum Temp(oC) (Recorded on 23/05/17)39.5
Departure from Normal(oC)0
Minimum Temp (oC) (Recorded. on 24/05/17)30.0
Departure from Normal(oC)2
24 Hours Rainfall (mm) (Recorded from 0830 hrs IST
of yesterday to 0830 hrs IST of today)
Todays Sunset (IST)18:28
Tommorows Sunrise (IST)05:27
Moonset (IST)16:59
Moonrise (IST)04:05
7 Day's Forecast
DateMin TempMax TempWeather
24-May30.039.0Generally cloudy sky with possibility of development of thunder or lightning
25-May30.039.0Partly cloudy sky with possibility of development of thunder lightning
26-May29.040.0Partly cloudy sky in the morning hours becoming generally cloudy sky towards evening or night with possibility of rain or thundershowers accompanied with squall
27-May28.040.0Partly cloudy sky with possibility of development of thunder lightning
28-May28.040.0Partly cloudy sky with possibility of development of thunder lightning
29-May29.039.0Partly cloudy sky with Thundery development
30-May29.039.0Partly cloudy sky with Thundery development

Tuesday, 23 May 2017


    Water Pollution

    About ENVIS
    Realising the importance of Environmental Information, the Government of India, in December, 1982, established an Environmental Information System (ENVIS) as a plan programme. The focus of ENVIS since inception has been on providing environmental information to decision makers, policy planners, scientists and engineers, research workers, etc. all over the country.
    Since environment is a broad-ranging, multi-disciplinary subject, a comprehensive information system on environment would necessarlly involve effective participation of concerned institutions/ organisations in the country that are actively engaged in work relating to different subject areas of environment. ENVIS has, therefore, developed itself with a network of such participating institutions/organisations for the programme to be meaningful. A large number of nodes, known as ENVIS Centres, have been established in the network to cover the broad subject areas of environment with a Focal Point in the Ministry of Environment & Forests. Both the Focal Point as well as the ENVIS Centres have been assigned various responsibilities to achieve the Long-term & Short-term objectives. For this purpose, various services has been introduced by the Focal Point. ENVIS due to its comprehensive network has been designed as the National Focal Point (NFP) for INFOTERRA, a global environmental information network of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). In order to strengthen the information activities of the NFP, ENVIS was designated as the Regional Service Centre (RSC) of INFOTERRA of UNEP in 1985 for the South Asia Sub-Region countries

    Objective of Environmental Information System

      Long-term objectives :
    • To build up a repository and dissemination centre in Environmental Science and Engineering.
    • To gear up the modern technologies of acquistion, processing, storage, retrieval and dissemination of information of environmental nature; and .
    • To support and promote research, development and innovation in environmental information technology.
      Short-term objectives :
    • To provide national environmental infformaion service relevant to present needs and capable of development to meet the future needs of users, originator, processors and disseminators of information;
    • To build up storage, retrieval and dissemination capabilities with the ultimate objectives of disseminating information speedily to the users;
    • To promote, national and international cooperation and liasion for exchange of environment related information;
    • To promote, support and assist education and personnel training programmes designed to enhance environmental information processing and utilisation capabilities;
    • To promote exchange of information amongst developing countries.

    Responsibilites of Focal Points & ENVIS Centres

    Both the Focal Point as well as the ENVIS Centres have been assigned various responsibilities. The broad responsibilities of the Focal Point and ENVIS Centres are as under :
    Responsibilities of Focal Point

    • overall coordination of ENVIS network;
    • identification of ENVIS Centres in specialised areas, their location in selected institutes/organisations and their linkage with the Focal Point;
    • farming guidlines and uniform desiging procedures for ENVIS Centres;
    • collection, storage, retrieval and dissemination of information on areas in which ENVIS Centres have not been established and in some general areas of environment like environmental research, environmental policy and management, environmental legislation, environmental impact assessment, etc.;
    • responding to user queries directly or through the ENVIS Centres;
    • Establishment of Data Bank containing data on some selected parameters, and computerisation in important application areas of environment;
    • identification of data gaps and knowledge gaps in specified subject areas and action to fill these gaps;
    • liasion with relevant International Information Systems and other national information systems;
    • publication of a quarterly abstracting journal Paryavaran Abstracts;
    • bringing out various other publications on current awareness services;
    • organising training and seminars;
    • monitoring and rewiewing of ENVIS; and
    • assisting the Scientific Advisory Committee of ENVIS with inputs and rendering other secretarial help.
    Responsibilities of ENVIS Centres:

    • building up a good collection of books, reports and journals in the particular subject area of environment;
    • establishment of linkages with all information sources in the particular subject area of environment;
    • responding to user queries;
    • establishment of a data bank on some selected parameters relating to the subject area;
    • coordination with the Focal Point for supplying relevant, adequate and timely information to the users;
    • helping the Focal Point in gradually up an inventory of information material available at the Centre; identification of information gaps in the specified subject areas and action to fill these gaps;
    • bringing out newsletters/publications in their subject area for wide dissemination



List of State Pollution Control Boards, Websites and Official Contacts

Andhra Pradesh State Pollution Control Board
Arunachal Pradesh State Pollution Control Board
Assam State Pollution Control Board
Bihar State Pollution Control Board
Chhattisgarh State Pollution Control Board
Goa State Pollution Control Board
Gujarat State Pollution Control Board
Haryana State Pollution Control Board
Himachal Pradesh State Pollution Control Board
Jammu Kashmir State Pollution Control Board
Jharkhand State Pollution Control Board
Karnataka State Pollution Control Board
Kerala State Pollution Control Board
Madhya Pradesh State Pollution Control Board
Maharashtra State Pollution Control Board
Manipur State Pollution Control Board
Meghalaya State Pollution Control Board
Mizoram State Pollution Control Board
Nagaland State Pollution Control Board
Odisha State Pollution Control Board
Punjab State Pollution Control Board
Rajasthan State Pollution Control Board
Sikkim State Pollution Control Board
Tamil Nadu State Pollution Control Board
Telangana State Pollution Control Board
Tripura State Pollution Control Board
Uttar Pradesh State Pollution Control Board
Uttrakhand State Pollution Control Board
West Bengal State Pollution Control Board


List of Pollution Control Committees, Websites and Official Contacts

Delhi Pollution Control Committee
Puducherry Pollution Control Committee
Chandigarh Pollution Control Committee
Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli Pollution Control Committee
Andaman & Nicobar Islands Pollution Control Committee
Lakshadweep Pollution Control Committee

List of ENVIS Centres, Official Email and Websites

Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change ( )
Ministry of New and Renewable Energy(
Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation ( )
Ministry of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation( )
National Ganga River Basin Authority ( )
National River Conservation Directorate ( )
National Environmental Engineering Research Institute ( )
Ashoka Trust for Research in Ecology and the Environment ( )
Central Ground Water Board ( )
Central Water Commission ( )
Centre for Environmental Education ( )
Centre for Environmental Research and Education ( )
Centre for Science and Environment ( )
Environmental Information System ( )
Indian Environmental Society ( )
Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, Pune ( )
Indian Pollution Control Association ( )

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change[UNFCCC] ( )
United Nations Environment Programme [UNEP] ( )
IBC Bird Collection ( )
Global Biodiversity Information System ( )
Biodiversity International ( )
World Health Organization ( )
Wetlands International ( )
World Nature Organization ( )
World Wide Fund for Nature ( )
International Union for Conservation of Nature ( )
Intergovernmnetal Panel on Climate Change ( )
Green Peace International ( )
Global Environment Facility ( )

Why do we need a World Turtle Day?

Why do we need a World Turtle Day? A baby Indian Black Turtle rests on her mother’s back on the outskirts of Guwahati, Assam.   | P...